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Sacred Groves and Sacred Trees of Uttara Kannada...

M. D. Subash Chandran Madhav Gadgil

 Appendix - III

List of birds observed in the 25 km2 sample area of Siddapur taluk in Uttara Kannada. Five sacred groves were specially sampled.

Abbreviations

Mat — Mattigar grove Kal — Kalyanpur grove
Ara — Aralihonda grove Kav — Kavachur grove
Gol — Gogudu grove village with sacred groves) M — migrant;
E — endemic to India F — typically forest species

 

No.

Common name in s. groves

Latin name

Occurrence

Remarks

1.

Little cormorant

Phalacrocorax niger

   

2.

Little green heron

Butorides striatus

   

3.

Pond heron

Ardeola grayii

   

4.

Cattle egret

Bubulcus ibis

   

5.

Smaller egret

Egretta intermedia

   

6.

Little egret

Egretta garzetta

   

7.

Openbill stork

Anastomus oscitans

   

8.

Blue-winged teal

Anas querquedula

   

9.

Cotton teal

Nettapus coromandelicus

   

10.

Crested honey buzzard

Pernis ptilorhynchus

   

11.

Crested goshawk

Accipiter trivirgatus

Kal

F

12.

Lesser serpent eagle

Spilornis cheela

Mat

F

13.

European kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

   

14.

Painted partridge

Francolinus pictus

   

15.

Grey jungle fowl

Gallus sonneratii

Ara

F

16.

Indian peafowl

Pavo cristatus

   

17.

White-breasted waterhen

Amaurornis phoenicurus

Kal

 

18.

Pheasant-tailed jacana

Hydrophasianus chirurgus

   

19.

Bronze-winged jacana

Metopidious indicus

   

20.

Red-wattled lapwing

Vanellus indicus

   

21.

Spotted sandpiper

Tringa glariola

 

M

22.

Green pigeon

Treron phoenicoptera

 

F

23.

Indian spotted dove

Streptopelia chinensis

   

24.

Rose-ringed parakeet

Psittacula crameri

   

25.

Blossom-headed parakeet

Psittacula cyanocephala

Mat.

Kav. 

Gol.

F

26.

Indian loriquet

Loriculus vernalis

 

F

27.

Common hawk cuckoo

Cuculus varius

Mat.

 

28.

Indian baby-banded cuckoo

Cacomantis sonneratii

Kal.

Ara

 

29.

Indian plaintive cuckoo

Cacomantis merulinus

   

30.

Indian drongo cuckoo

Surniculus lugubris

   

31.

Indian koel

Eudyanamysscolopacea

Gol

 

32.

Coucal/Crow pheasant

Centropus sinensis

Kal

 

33.

Crested tree swift

Hemiprocne longipennis

 

F

34.

Small blue kingfisher

Alcedo atthis

   

35.

Blue-eared kingfisher

Alcedo meninting

Kal

F

36.

Brownheaded storbilled kingfisher

Pelargopsis capensis

Kal

F

37.

Small green bee-eater

Merops orientalis

   

38.

Ceylon hoopoe

Upupa epops subsp

   

39.

Small green barbet

Megalaima viridis

Mat. 

Ara. 

Kav. 

Gol.

F

40.

Crimson-throated-barbet

Megalaima rubricapilla

Kal

F

41.

Crimson-breasted- barbet

Megalaima haemacephala

   

42.

Indian small yellow- naped woodpecker

Picus chlorolophus

Kav

F

43.

Malabar golden-backed woodpecker

Dinopium benghalense

   

44.

Malabar golden-backed three-toed woodpecker

Dinopium javanense

Ara

 

45.

Indian pitta

Pitta brachyura

   

46.

Madras bushlark

Mirafra assamica

   

47.

Malabar crested lark

Galerida malabarica

   

48.

Eastern swallow

Hirundo rustica

 

M

49.

Indian wiretailed swallow

Hirundo smithii

   

50.

Indian cliff swallow

Hirundo fluvicola

Mat

 

51.

Indian red-humped swallow

Hirundo daurica sub sp.

Mat

 

52.

Rufous-backed shrike

Lanius schach

 

M

53.

Brown shrike

Lanius cristatus

 

M

54.

Indian golden oriole

Oriolus oriolus

Gol

M

55.

Indian grey drongo

Dicrurus leucophaeus

Mat

M

56.

Bronzed drongo

Dicrurus aeneus

Mat

F

57.

Indian myna

Acridotheres tristis

Kal

 

58.

Jungle myna

Acridotheres fuscus

Kav

 

59.

Hill myna

Gracula religiosa

Ara

 

60.

Indian jungle crow

Corvus macrohynchos

Ara 

Kav 

Gol 

Kal

F

61.

Blackbacked pied flycatcher shrike

Hemipus picatus

   

62.

Malabar woodshrike

Tephrodornis gularis

Kal

F

63.

Indian woodshrike

Tephrodornis pondicerianus

   

64.

Orange minivet

Pericrocotus flammeus

Kal

F

65.

Malabar small minivet

Pericrocotus cinnamoneus

   

66.

Peninsular Indian iroa

Aegithina tiphia

Mat

 

67.

Golden-fronted chloropsis

Chloropsis aurifrons

Mat

F

68.

Jerdon’s chloropsis

Chloropsis cochinchinensis

Kav

 

69.

Fairy bluebird

Irena puella

Kal

F

70.

Red-whiskered bulbul

Pycnonotus jocosus

Mat. 

Ara 

Kav

 

71.

Red-vented bulbul

Pycnonotus cafer

Mat 

Kav

 

72.

White-browed bulbul

Pycnonotus luteolus

   

73.

Yellow-browed bulbul

Hypsipetus indices

Kal

F

74.

Penninsular spotted babbler

Pellorneum ruficeps

Mat 

Kav

F

75.

Kerala scimitar babbler

Pomatorhinus schisticeps

 

F

76.

Black-headed babbler

Rhopocichla atriceps

Mat

F

77.

Malabar jungle babbler

Turboides striatus subsp.

   

78.

Nilgiri quaker babbler

Alcippe poiocephala

Kal

F

79.

White-bellied blue flycatcher

Muscicapa pallipes

Kal

EF

80.

Tickell’s blue flycatcher

Muscicapa tickelliae

Ara

F

81.

Peninsular paradise flycatcher

Terpsiphone paradisi sub sp.

Kal

 

82.

Indian blacknaped blue flycatcher

Monarcha azurea

Mat 

Kal

F

83.

Indian tailorbird

Orthotomus sutorius

   

84.

Blyth’s reed warbler

Acrocephalus dumetorum

 

M

85.

Greenish leaf warbler

Phylloscopus trochiloides

Ara

M

86.

Indian magpie robin

Copsychus saularis

   

87.

Malabar shama

Copsychus malabaricus

Kal 

Ara

F

88.

Pied bushchat

Saxicola caprata

   

89.

Malabar whistling thrush

Myiophoneus horsfieldii

Mat

F

         

90.

White-throated ground thrush

Zoothera citrina

Ara

F

91.

Black-capped blackbird

Turdus merula

   

92.

Yellow-cheeked tit

Parus xanthogenis

Ara

F

93.

Velvet-fronted nuthatch

Sitta frontalis

   

94.

Indian paddy field pipit

Anthus novaeseelandiae sub sp.

   

95.

Thick-billed flowerpecker

Dicaeum erythrorhynchos

Gol

 

96.

Nilgiri flowerpecker

Dicaeum concolor

Mat

F

97.

Purple-rumped sunbird

Nectarinia zeylanica

   

98.

Small sunbird

Nectarinia minima

Kal 

Ara 

Gol 

F

99.

Maroon-breasted sunbird

Nectarinia lotenia

Gol  

100.

Indian purple sunbird

Nectarinina asiatica

   

101.

Little spiderhunter

Arachnothera longirostris

Kal

F

102.

Indian white-eye

Zosterops palpebrosa

Kal

 

103.

Indian house sparrow

Passer domesticus

   

104.

Indian yellow-throated sparrow

Petronea xanthocollis

   

105.

Indian house crow

Crovus splendens

Ara

 

106.

White-breasted kingfisher

Halcyon syrnensis

   

107.

Pariah kite

Milvus migrants

   

Note: This list of birds is by no means complete, as year-round observation has not been carried out. Thanks are due to Dr Ranjit Daniels for the valuable help rendered in compiling the information on birds.

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