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áˇkyamuni   - An Exhibition of Rare Thankas

Thanka No. 05

Atiża 


Atiża

Collection: Central Institute of Buddhist

Studies, Choglamsar, Leh (Ladakh)

School of art: Sman-bris

20th century

Atiża

In the 10th century AD. Atiża took birth as a prince in Bengal. He became eminent as a learned Buddhist master in the Monastic University of Vikramażilˇ. He realised that the bodhicitta is the main stem to blossom the flower of perfect elightenment. He voyaged through the sea to Suvar¸adv˘pa to receive secret instructions on bodhicitta from the guru (spiritual teacher) in Suvar¸adv˘pa. He cultivated bodhicitta and reintroduced it in India.

On the humble request of the king of western Tibet, he visited Tibet. During that period, the meaning of the Tantra was misconstrued and the Vinaya principles were endangered. Conflict among the followers prevailed. The followers of the Vinaya opposed Tantra and vice versa. They conceded that no one can practise the Vinaya and Tantra together. The king requested him to rectify the faults that were infused into the Buddha's teachings. In order to do that he composed a book entitled Patha-pradipa which represented the heart of the Buddha' s words combining the vast instructions given by Maitreya to Asanga along with the profound legacy transmitted by Maµjużr˘ to Nˇgˇrjuna. In this way he founded the Kadampa sect and disseminated the pure and stainless teachings of both the Sutra and Tantra.

The central figure is ˇchˇrya Atiża who is surrounded by different portrayals which depict that Atiża Is preaching Buddhistic doctrines to his disciples.

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