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Story of Kakusandha Buddha
The Illustrated Jataka & Other Stories of the Buddha by C.B. Varma
|100 - Kakusandha Buddha|
Kakusandha Buddha on the panel Cave 17, Ajanta
Kakusandha is known as the twenty-second Buddha in the Pali tradition. He was born in Khema Park. The name of his father was Aggidatta, who was a Brahmin priest of the king Khemankara of Khemavati. The name of his mother was Visakha. The name of his wife was Virochamana and of the son Uttara.
He renounced the
worldly life on a chariot at the age of four thousand years; and practised
austerities for eight months. He accepted the milk-rice from a brahmin
girl Vajirindha of the village Suchirindha just before his Enlightenment;
and sat on the grass seat prepared by Subhadda. He attained Enlightenment
under a Sirisa tree; and delivered his first sermon to the assembly of
eighty-four thousand monks in a park near Makila.
His chief disciples
were Vidhura and Sanjiva among the monks; and Sama and Champa among the
nuns. His principal attendant was Buddhija. Acchuta and Samana among the
men; and Nanda and Sunanda among the women were his chief patrons. Acchuta
built a monastery for Kakusandha Buddha on the same site, which was later
chosen by Anathapindika for Jetavana Arama for Gotama Buddha.
According to the Samyutta
Nikaya (ii.194) the Vepulla mount of Rajgir was then called
Pachinvamsa; and the people of the region Tivara.
He died at the age of
forty thousand years.
The Bodhisatta during
the time of Kakusandha was born as King Khema.
See Dipavamsa ii.66, xv.25, 34; Mahavamsa xv. 57-90; Digha Nikaya ii.7; Majjhima Nikaya i.333; Buddhavamsa xxiii; Buddhavamsa Atthakatha 209 ff.
In the Buddhist texts in Sanskrit the name of the Buddha is Krakucchanda. See Divyavadana 254,418 f.; Mahavastu iii.247,330
Copyright IGNCAŠ 2002