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Story of Konagamana Buddha
The Illustrated Jataka & Other Stories of the Buddha by C.B. Varma
|101 - Konagamana Buddha|
Konagamana Buddha on the panel Cave 17, Ajanta
Konagamana was the twenty-third Buddha, and the second among the five Buddhas born in the Bhadda Kappa (Aeon).
Born in Subhagavati
Park in Sobhavati, the capital of king Sobha, he was the son of a Brahmin
named Yannadatta. Uttara was his mother. His chief wife was Ruchigatta and
Satthavaha was their son. He lived as a house-holder for three thousand
years in three palaces: Tusita, Santusita and Santuttha. Then he renounced
the worldly life by riding on an elephant. He practised austerities for
six months. He accepted the milk-rice from a Brahmin woman Aggisoma; and
the grass for his seat from Tinduka. His tree of Enlightenment was
Udumbara. He preached his first sermon in Sudassana Nagara Park.
He died in Pabbatarama
at the age of thirty thousand. His chief disciples among the monks were
Bhiyya and Uttara; and Samudda and Uttaraa among the nuns. His chief
attendant was Sotthiya. Ugga and Somadeva were his popular lay devotees
among the men; and Sivala and Sama were the most popular devotees among
When the Buddha was
born, there followed a gold-shower all over the ancient India (Jambu dvipa).
The Buddha was therefore called Kanakagamana, which in course of time
became Konagamana. During his time Mount Vepulla of Rajgir was known as
Vankaka; and the people of the region were called as Rohitassa.
He died at Pabbatarama
at the age of thirty thousand.
The Bodhisatta was
born as a Khattiya (Chatriya) in Mithila at the time of Konagamana Buddha
and his name was Pabbata then.
sources corroborate to the existence of the thupa
erected on the birth place of the Konagamana Buddha as Asoka the Great
doubled its size and worshipped it on his twentieth year of his reign.
(See Hultszch, Inscription of Asoka p.165). Faxian (Fahsien), who visited India
from 399-414 AD); and Xuangzang (Huan Tsang), who stayed in India from
629-645 AD also refer to the physical existence of the Konagamana’s thupas
in the place of his birth.
The Sanskrit Buddhist texts like the Divyavadana (333 f.); Mahavastu (i. 114) refer Konagamana as Kanakamuni.
See Dipavamsa ii.67, xv.25, 34; Mahavamsa xv. 91-124; Digha Nikaya i.7; Majjhima Nikaya i.333; Buddhavamsa xxiv; Buddhavamsa Atthakatha 213-14; Dhammapada Atthakatha ii.236.
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