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Story of Kassapa Buddha
The Illustrated Jataka & Other Stories of the Buddha by C.B. Varma
|102 - Kassapa Buddha|
Kassapa Buddha on the panel Cave 17, Ajanta
Kassapa Buddha is the twenty-fourth Buddha of the Pali tradition; and one of the seven Buddhas mentioned in Pali canons. Besides, he is also reckoned as the third Buddha of the present aeon (Bhadda Kappa).
Kassapa was born in
the Deer Park of the Isipatana when king Kiki was ruling Varanasi. He was
the son of Brahmadatta and Dhanavati and belonged to the Kassapa gotta
(clan). His chief wife was Sunanda; and son Vijitasena. He led the
house-hold life for two thousand years and lived in the palaces called
Hamsa, Yasa and Sirinanda. Then he renounced the worldly life.
His wife offered him
the milk-rice; and Soma gave him the grass for his seat just before his
Enlightenment. Yana was his Bodhi tree. He gave his first sermon in
Isipatana to one crore monks; and showed his twin miracles on the foot of
an asana tree outside
Sundaranagara. Many legends are associated with him; and the story of the
conversion of the Yakkha Naradeva is particularly interesting. Tissa and
Bharadvaja were his chief monks; and Anula and Uruvela were his most
prominent followers among the nuns. His attendant was Sabbamitta. It is
said that the golden complexion of Maha Kacchana was due to his offering
of a golden brick to the Kassapa’s shrine.
During the time of
Kassapa Buddha the Bodhisatta lived as a brahmin youth by the name
Faxian (Fahsien) and
Xuangzang (Huan Tsang) also refer to the physical existence of the
The Sanskrit Buddhist texts like the Divyavadana 333 f.; Mahavastu i. 114 refer Kassapa as Kashyapa.
See Dipavamsa xv.55 ff.; Mahavamsa xv.128 ff.; Digha Nikaya ii.7; Majjhima Nikaya ii.45 f.; Buddhavamsa xxv; Buddhavamsa Atthakatha 217 ff.; Dhammapada Atthakatha ii.236.
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