BṚHADDŚĪ ŚRĪ MATAṄGA
(KMS No. 8, 10)
Edited and Translated by PREM LATA SHARMA, assisted by ANIL BIHARI BEOHAR
xviii+193pp., textual notes, notes, ISBN:81-208-1031-7, Rs. 275 (HB)
1994, Vol. II,
xviii+320pp., textual notes, notes, ISBN: 81-208-1032-5, Rs. 300 (HB)
The Bṛhaddeśī ascribed to Mataṅga Muni,
and most probably belonging to the sixth century CE, is a landmark in
Saṅgītaśāstra for more than one reason. It is the solitary text that forges
a link between Nāṭyaśāstra and Dattilam on one hand and Abhinavabhāratī on
the other, the gap extending over more than 500 years. Its direct influence
on later texts like Saṅgītaratnākara and its commentaries is obvious in
various ways, be it nāda from the tantric stream or the etymology of various
terms or the description of rāgas.
Speaking of saṅgīta, the Bṛhaddeśī is the first extant text to describe Rāga,
to introduce sā ri gā mā notation, to usher in a fresh approach towards
śruti, svara, grāma, mūrcchanā, etc. and to introduce prabandha, the
compositional form independent on drama, to establish the concept of deśī
and its counterpart mārga and to mention ethnic groups like śabara, pulinda
and nāga in the context of bhāṣās (varieties) of grāma-rāgas.
The volumes present the first critical edition of this well- known, but
almost inaccessible text, along with variant readings, an English
translation, textual notes and annotations.