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ACROSS THE HIMALAYAN GAP

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CONTRIBUTORS 

Adlakha, Hemant

Assistant Professor in Chinese of Jawaharlal Nehru University pursuing Ph.D. research on contemporary Chinese political development.

 

Bagchi, P.C (1696-1956)

Modern India’s first great Sinologist who was also a great authority on Indology. Was Director of Research and Vice-Chancellor of Visva-Bharati, and a visiting scholar sent by the Government of India to teach in Beijing University (1947-49).

 

Bagyalakshmi

Having pursued an intensive study on Guanyin (the Chinese version of Avalokitesvara) for ten years after she completed her MA in Chinese from Jawahartal Nehru University, she obtained her Ph.D. degree from JNU, and is preparing for a book on Guanyin to be published by IGNCA.

 

Banerjee, Dipankar

Retired as Major General of the Indian Army, he was the first Indian Army Officer after 1957 to have visited China at the invitation of PLA in June 1991; served for many years on the India-China border and is an authority on PLA’s modernisation and China’s defence capability and strategy in the new era. He lectures on these issues extensively in India and abroad and also publishes frequently on these topics in academic journals. He is now co-Director of the centre for peace and conflict studies.

 

Banerjee, Priyatosh

Studied Sanskrit along with Epigraphy and Numismatics and obtained Ph.D. in History in 1950 from the Patna University, Patna. He was Officer on Special Duty for the Buddha Jayanti Publications in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in 1955 and 1956 and officer in charge of the Museum Branch, Archaeological Survey of India in 1957-59. He joined the National Museum, New Delhi in 1950 and had served the Museum in various capacities as Editor, Assistant Director, Director and Consultant till 1980. He has visited all the important Museums in India and abroad. Authored a large number of research papers and several books with a new book in the offing.

 

Banerjee, Radha

Obtained Ph.D from Delhi University in Buddhist Studies, she was awarded a fellowship by the UNESCO, travelled and visited major museums and historical monuments in China, Central Asia, Britain, France and Germany. She is research associate in the East Asian Programme in IGNCA.

 

Bhattacharjea, Mira Sinha

Her first career was that of an IFS officer posted in the Indian Embassy in Beiiing. After resigning from the office, she was selected by the University of Delhi to the Columbia University, USA, to be trained as prospective faculty members of the newly established Department of Chinese Studies, She joined Delhi University in late 1990, and retired form it as Reader in Chinese Studies in 1995. Thereafter, she became the Director and Project Coordinator of the institute of Chinese Studies. She is a leading expert on India-China relations, and has written articles and lectured in government institutions on it on innumerable occasions.

 

Bhattacharyya, D.C.

Professor of History of Art at the Panjab University, Chandigarh, he has been engaged in teaching and research for about three decades. Ten books and more than one hundred research papers published in research journals have established him as a leading scholar of art history.

 

Bhattacharyya, Manik

Associate Professor of Chinese and Chairman of the Centre for Chinese and Southeast Asian Languages in Jawaharal Nehru University, he was educated in Calcutta, Delhi and Beijing and received his Ph.D. from Jawaharlal Nehru University. He also taught Chinese in Banaras Hindu University. He has kept Himself engaged in studies and writing on China particularly on the works of Lu Xun for nearly two decades.

 

Bhutani, S.K.

Retired from the Indian Foreign Service in 1991, he studied Chinese language at the Beijing University and was a member of the Embassy of India in China from 1957 to 1962. He shows keen interest in observing the current Chinese development, and is a regular participant in the China Forum discussions

 

Chandra, Lokesh

A leading scholar in culture and art of India and other Asian countries, he heads the International Academy of Indian Culture. Besides being an active author and lecturer in public meetings, he has also other public interests, and was one time the Chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research and a member of Rajya Sabha. He has visited China many times, and has a collection of valuable Chinese artifacts and historical materials. Author of many books and research articles on culture and art.

 

Chakrabarti, Sraemati

Currently Reader in Chinese Studies in the Department of Chinese and Japanese Studies, University of Delhi, she holds double MA. degrees, one in Political Science from Delhi University and another in East Asian Studies from Harvard University and also Ph.D. in Chinese studies from Delhi University. She was a post-doctoral scholar 1 Beijing University. She is working on her second book entitled ‘Mao, China’s Intellectual and the Cultural Revolution”.

 

Coomaraswamy, Ananda Kentish (1877-1947)

Son of a Tamil father and an English mother, and born in Colombo, Sri Lanka, he was a man of prodigious learning, equally at home in Vedic, classical, mediaeval European and Islamic literatures. With a D.Sc. degree from the University of London, he came to the field of art by way of science. Conversant with French, German, Finnish, Sanskrit, Pali, Greek, Latin, Italian, Gaelic and even Icelandic, he was an art critic, a historian, philosopher and metaphysician whose mind encompassed the sum total of the Eastern and Western traditions of learning and thought. An exponent of the Philosophia Perennis - where all traditional philosophies are seen as the dialects of the same spiritual heritage - Coomarawamy has left behind a plethora of writings on philosophy, metaphysics, religion, iconography, music, geology, theatre and the place of art in society.

 

Das, Sisir Kumar

Tagore Professor of Bengali Literature in the Department of Modern Indian Languages, University of Delhi, he had an excellent academic record in the Presidency College of Calcutta University. Obtained his Ph. D. from Germany he has taught in Delhi University for more than three decades. Apart from being an authority on Bengali Literature, especially on Tagore, he is also a pioneer of Comparative Literature in India. With a large number of books and research papers to his credit, he has made substantial contribution in establishing the chronological studies of Indian literatures.

 

Damodaran, A.K.

Before starting a full career of Indian Foreign Services, he taught English Literature. His rich experience in dealing with China in various capacities from the Beijing Embassy to the China Desk of the Ministry of External Affairs, in addition to his discharging higher responsibilities in the Ministry and in its division of policy planning, has resulted in a special interest and profound insight vis-a-vis China. For some time, he was also Senior Research Fellow (Professor) of Jawaharlal Nehru University.

 

Deshingkar, Girl

Trained in University of London and Yale University as a China scholar, he was one of the pioneers of Chinese studies in Delhi University, in addition to being the co-founder of China Report (one of the only two academic journals in English language specially on China in the world during the 1960s). After teaching in Delhi University, he became a senior researcher and, later, the Director of the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies. He was one of the founding members of the Institute of Chinese Studies, and was its Director for a number of years.

 

Deshpande, M.N.

Former Director-General, Archaeological Survey of India, is an archaeologist and art-historian, He was invited as Visiting Professor and Fellow by the Allahabad University and was Advisor to the Nehru Centre, Bombay for the Discovery of India project and the Aditi exhibition in the Festival of India in USA. Among his publications on cave art, his essays on Pitalkhora, Tabo and Ajanta and book on Panhale-kaji caves are notable. A close associate with IGNCA, he helped to convene the first and second international seminar on “Cave Art of India and China” in 1991 (New Delhi) and 1994 (Dunhuang) respectively.

 

Duara, Prasenjit

After completing post-graduation from Delhi University, he was sent to USA for higher studies on Government of India scholarship. Completed Ph.D from Harvard University, he began to teach in various US universities and is now Professor of History in Chicago University. Author of many books on China and also winner of Fairbank Award. He has initiated a new discourse on History which strives to break away from the dominent western-oriented opinions.

 

Gandhi, Mahatma (1969-1949)

Mahatma Gandhi is universally regarded as the “Father of Modern India”, as he was the main architect of Indian independence. Not only a man of action but also a sage (hence the title “Mahatma”) of noble ideas. Dedicating all his life and energy to the salvation of India from the colonial rule, he is the icon of ‘non-violence” which has become one of the most powerful political trends of the 201h century. Within India the Gandhian legacy will long endure both inside and outside the circles of Gardhian workers, Gandhian scholars, Gandhian politicians etc.

 

Gandhi, Rajiv (1942-1991)

Son of Indira Gandhi and grandson of Jawaharlal Nehru, he was the fifth Prime Minister of India and the third generation of leaders whose regimes have gone down the history of independent India as the continuum of a family tradition in Indian politics. His great contribution to India-China relations was his China visit in 1968 which helped inaugurate a new era of positive cooperative partnership, bringing confidence building measures into active play between New Delhi and Beijing.

 

Gonsalves, Eric

Joined Indian Foreign Service in 19.50, he served in various capacities including Counsellor London: DCM Washington, Ambassador to Japan and to EEC. Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs. Never retires after official retirement, busy as Director of India international Centre (1986-1991) attending international conferences in the UN General Assembly, Commonwealth Summit etc. Received Distinguished Service Award from T.M.A Pai Foundation for outstanding Konkanis 1994. Currently President Indo-German Social Service Society, (funding agency mainly concerned with rural development) and Editor-in-Chief, South Asia Survey.

 

Gupta, S.P.

A Ricardo and Jevon scholar of London University and Hallsworth Fellow of Manchester University, he received education at the universities of Calcutta and London with the final degree of Ph.D. (Econ.), London. Was Adviser of Perspective Planning Division, Planning Commission, Member of the Governing Council of the National Sample Survey Organization, India; Vice-President of the Indian Association for Research in National Income and Wealth, Adviser, Global Modelling, World bank, Washington DC (1971-1987); Professor of Calcutta University on economic theory and Indian economic problems, Senior Lecturer in Department of Econometrics in Manchester University, U.K. for nearly five years. Then, he served as the Director and Chief Executive of Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi for almost, a decade, and is at present the Chairman of the Indian Society for Economic and Social Transition.

 

Haidar, Salman

Member of the Indian Foreign Service, he was Indian Ambassador to China and many other countries, and retired from the post of the head of IFS, i.e. the Foreign Secretary. After a gap of hardly a few month, he once again assumed diplomatic mission as India’s High Commissioner to London.

 

Joshi, MC.

An eminent archaeologist, after ending his career as the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India, he immediately assumed the duty of Member Secretary of IGNCA. He has specialized in historical archaeology and Indian art

including Islamic architecture; excavated historical sites like Purana Qila, Patna. Mathura, etc. Is also a prolific writer, having contributed a large number of research papers on Indian archaeology, Indian art and culture. He visited China in 1996, and delivered lectures on Indian archaeology at Luoyang and Lanzhou.

 

Kamal Sheel

Educated in Benaras Hindu University, Taiwan and USA, he was Research Associate of the Department of Chinese and Japanese Studies, Delhi University, then, Lecturer and Reader in Chinese Studies of Panjab University, then Reader, and now Professor of Chinese Studies and Head of Department of Foreign Languages, Benaras Hindu University. Author of many books and research articles and editor of the journal organ Asia-Prashant of the Man Congress of Asia and Pacific.

 

Khanna, Vinod

During his thirty years in the Indian Foreign Service, he had several opportunities to be involved with China-related work. After retirement he served briefly as Director of institute of Chinese Studies in New Delhi, and Director-General Indo-Taipei Cultural Centre. Again working as the Director of the institute of Chinese Studies currently.

 

Mansingh, Surjit

She was a member of the Indian Foreign Service, before taking up academic assignments in universities in the US, Italy and India, was Senior Fellow at the Centre for Contemporary Studies, Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, took her Ph.D. in International Relations at the American University, Washington DC. Presently Professor of International Politics at the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. Is an author of many books and research articles.

 

Menon, K.P.S.

Entered the Foreign Service in 1951 he had several postings in Delhi and abroad, mostly to do with India’s neighbours, and participation in bilateral and international conferences. Head of Policy Planning in the Ministry of External Affairs between 1970 and 1975 was Ambassador/High Commissioner in Hungary, Bangladesh, Egypt, Japan and China. Recalled from China to Delhi in 1987 to take over as Foreign Secretary and Head of the Foreign Service. After retirement pleasantly occupied with advisory groups, seminars, etc.

 

Mishra, Brajesh

During his career as a member of Indian Foreign Service, and when he was Indian Charge D’affaires in Beijing, he had the distinction of being the recipient of the internationally known ‘Mao Smile” in 1970. He served as Indian ambassador in many countries and Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs. He has recently been appointed as the Principal Secretary to the Prime Ministers Office.

 

Mitra, Sabaree

Assistant Professor of Chinese in the Centre for Chinese and South East Asian Studies in Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and specializes in contemporary Chinese Literature for which she was awarded the doctoral degree. Other areas that interest her include Political History, Culture Studies and Gender Studies.

 

Mohanty, Bidyut

Obtained her Ph.D. from Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University. She is Research Officer at the Institute of Social Sciences directing a programme on Women’s Development and Panchayati Raj in India. She wrote several research papers on Famines and Agrarian Structure and edited two books. She has visited China several times, and was a delegate to the Fourth World Congress on Women in Beijing at the NGO Forum in 1995.

 

Mohanty, Manoranjan

Obtained Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, he is Professor of Political Science and Director, Developing Countries Research Centre, University of Delhi and Co-chairperson of the Institute of Chinese Studies, New Delhi. Has studied China’s rural reforms in Wuxi through many field visits since 1979. He has authored three book, in addition to a forthcoming bock on China’s rural reforms, and several tens of research papers.

 

Narayanan, K.R

President of the Republic of India, he had a versatile career as teacher, journalist, diplomat, Vice-Chancellor (JNU), parliamentarian, ambassador, minister, Vice-President and Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Was the first Indian Ambassador to China after the resumption of full-fledged diplomatic relations between India and China. Author of many books and articles. Recently, winner of the World Stateman” award.

 

Nehru, Jawaharlal (1889-1964)

Independent India’s first Prime Minister, he was the main architect of the political infrastructure of modem India, and father of India’s foreign policy wedded with ‘Panchsheel”, non-alignment and peace and peaceful use of nuclear energy. He loved children, and was affectionately called Chacha Nehru”. His autobiography and Discovery of India have become have become classics, being translated into various world languages. After his death (in office), his legacy was carded forward by his daughter, Indira and grandson Rajiv, both were his successors as Prime Ministers, Perhaps no political leader of any country outside China has been so endeared to China’s civilizational grandeur and chequered modern development, and spoken and written so much on China as Nehru. No one has broken his world record of a state leader being greeted on his arrival by from a half million (according) to Chinese reports) to a million (according to Indian reports) foreigners on the arrival to a foreign capital in his state visit to a foreign country - in Beijing in 1954.

 

Oberoi, Patricia

A graduate in Oriental Studies from the Australian National University, Canberra, she has taught sociology in both the University of Delhi and Jawaharlal Nehru University, and is currently Reader in Social Change and Development at the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi. She started her academic career as a student of Chinese literature more than three decades ago, has never left Chinese studies in between, and is actively organizing lecture programmes for the institute of Chinese Studies.

 

Paranjpe, V.V.

An ex-IFS retired from his last posting as Indian Ambassador to Korea, he is known as the best Chinese language user among all Indians in modern times. Beginning his career as a government sponsored scholar studying in Beijing University, he acquired high proficiency in Chinese language and interpreted for Prime Minister Nehru and other Indian leaders in their talks to the Chinese counterparts in the 1950s. Joined Foreign Service and looked after the China desk for a number of years. Still taking a keen interest in promoting understanding between India and China.

 

Patnaik, Utsa

Is Professor of Economics in Jawaharlal Nehru University, author of many books and research articles. She has been a keen observer of the development of political-economy in China.

 

Rao, Narasimha

Has a long political career both in his home state, Andhra, and in the central government. Was an important cabinet member and minister during the regimes of prime ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. Was elected the President of the Congress Party and the Prime Minister of India after Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination. His visit to China in 1993 was a milestone in India-China relations and contributed to the improvement of India-China relations.

 

Raghavan V.R.

Served in the Indian Army for thirty seven years until he retired as Lieutenant General. Being the Director General of Military Operations from 1992 to 1994, he was closely involved in the formulation of the Sin4rxfian Accord on maintaining peace on the borders and in the series of negotiations with Pakistan on the Siachen Glacier dispute. Was Chief of Staff of Northern Army Command, also the Commanding General in the Siachen Glacier during some of the fiercest combat actions in the area. After his retirement his expertise in defence strategy is still treasured by the Indian army, and is a visiting lecturer at the principal defence services college in India. Author of many books and research articles, he is currently a Director in the Delhi Policy Group.

 

Rana, Kishan S.

Served in the Foreign Service from 1960 to 1995, and describes himself as “a lapsed student of China affairs”, the served as Consul General in San Francisco, and as Ambassador/High Commissioner to Algeria, Czechoslovakia, Kenya, Mauritius and Germany. He specialized in economic diplomacy, and currently does business advising, free-lance column writing.

 

Ranganathan, C.V.

Member of the Indian Foreign Service from 1959 to 1993, he began his career by learning the Chinese language in Hong Kong University. Thereafter he served in Beijing twice in the Indian Embassy, from 1965-66 as First Secretary, and from 1967- 91 as Ambassador of India. He has also served in New York, Bonn, Hong Kong, Addis Ababa, Moscow and Pads, He is presently a Nehru Fellow for a research project on Sine-Indian relations, and also an active member of the Institute of Chinese Studies, in addition to being the President of India Association of Asia-Pacific Twenty First Century.

 

Ray, Haraprasad

Retired in 1996 after a long career of four decades first as a linguist with the Government of India and then as Associate Professor of Chinese at the Jawaharlal Nehru University Author of a book on the maritime trade between India and China during the 15th century, and has contributed to a number of international seminars and scholarly journals in the U.S.A., Great Britain, Germany, France, Hong Kong and China. He is presently a research scholar funded by the Indian Council of Historical Research and engaged in translating materials on South Asia in Chinese historical writings.

 

Roy, Rammohun Raja (1772-1333)

He studied Bengali in his village home, Persian and Arabic at Patna and Sanskrit at Benares. He started learning English at the age of twenty-two. The phantom emperor of Delhi, Akbar II, appointed him as his envoy to the King of English in 1630.and conferred on him the title of ‘Raja’. Well versed in both Indian and Western Iearnings, he was a great scholar, educationist, and reformer of modern India. Above all, he was the pioneer of the Indian renaissance.

 

Sengupta, Arputharani

Specialising in the problem of style and identity in the Buddhist Art during the Kushan Period, she teaches in the National Museum in addition to her own research.

 

Singh, Swaran

A product of Jawaharlal Nehru University, he is a Research Associate-in the Institute of Defense Studies & Analyses, New Delhi. He has authored a number of books many articles on strategic topics often pertaining to China. A very senior Research Associate in the Institute of Defence Studies & Analyses, ad author of many articles and hocks.

 

Tagore, Rabindranath (1861-1941)

He had the distinction of being the first Asian, indeed, the first non-white writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915, for which his name became a household word among the intellectuals in China during the 1920s. At home, he was Gurudeva to not only the comma Indians, but even Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, A versatile genius combining in himself a poet, novelist, drama wright, essayist, musician, painter, choreographer, and also thinker and visionary. His idealism of “universal man” was translated into practice by his “universal university”, Visva-Bharati. He was particularly keen in forging a Sine-Indian fraternity, and had a Cheen Bhavana built on the campus of Santiniketan. He was the most admired, most influential and most translated Indian writer in China.

Tan Chung

Retired (in 1994) from thirty six years of teaching, first, in the National Defence Academy, Khadakvasla, then, in the School of foreign Languages, New Delhi, then, University of Delhi, and, finally, Jawaharlal Nehru University, having served as Lecturer, Reader and Professor, headed the Department of Chinese and Japanese Studies (DU) and Centre for Asian and African Languages and Centre for East Asian Languages (JNU) at different times, he is now Professor-Consultant, IGNCA.

author of seven books and innumerable research articles (some form chapters of books edited by other scholars).

 

Thakur Ravni 3

Educated in Jawaharlal Nehru University, Beijing University, and the Netherlands, she obtained her Ph.D. from Holland. Author of a book on gender problems in China, she has also contributed research papers for learned journals.

 

Vatsyayan, Kapila

Beginning her career as a teacher (taught in both Indian and US universities) with accomplishment in Indian dance as well, she has a versatile career uptill the rank of Secretary of Culture and Secretary of Art in the Government of India. Founder head and presently the Academic Director of IGNCA, she has, done seminal research on art, has a great number of publications including two on Folk-Dances of India and Traditional Indian Theatre, in addition to editing various primary texts, is a visualiser of exhibitions and seminars. She is recipient of many coveted awards, including the Padmashree, Campbell Memorial Gold Medal Award of Asiatic Society, Bombay.

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© 1998 Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, New Delhi

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Published in 1998 by 

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