Home > Digital Library > Index of Newsletters > Vol. II No. 2 July - September 1994 >
Visnupriya - The Forgotten Wife of Sri Gauranga
|Sisir Kumar Sengupta in his
present versified book has composed a life sketch of Vishnupriya in Bengali in seven
sections indicating the advent of both Gauranga and Vishnupriya as well as their marriage,
conjugal life, separation and lastly sublimation. In his preface in prose or gaurchandrika
Sengupta has give a graphic account of the lifetime of both Gauranga and Vishnupriya.
Following it, we know that Gaurangaji was born in 1486 A.D. (27 February), became a
sanyasi in 1510 A.D. when he was only 24 years old. Gaurangaji left the world in 1536 A.D.
Vishnupriyaji, on the other hand, was born in 1496 A.D. and when she died, she was 65
years old. Sengupta claims that Vishnupriyaji was the first disciple of Gauranga
In versifying the day to day life of Vishnupriya the poet sometimes emphasizes the Vaisnava philosophy. For instance, in a piece number 37 Sengupta wants Vishnupriyaji to ask Gauranga for lessons in Grammar which was his academic forte. In reply, Gauranga promises to teach Vishnupriya Bhava like dasya, sakhya, etc. It seems that Sengupta wants Vishnupriya to assert her rights as a wife. At the same time, he hears sad tune of separationseparation of a wife from husband. But the poet, though convinced of the separation, cannot accept the fact that Vishnupriya, after the sanyas of her husband, had to spend a remorseful life of a husband-forsaken wife. Sengupta writes: "Listen Sri Gauranga/Leave aside spiritual stance/Go back to Nabadwipdham/Be seated by the side of your wife/And regain normal life/devoid of tears of sad preacher". Gauranga Mahaprabhu, historically speaking used to send Vishnupriyaji sarees from Neelachal Puri, which according to the Poet, were Passionwoven. To the devotees of Gaur-Vishnupriya, they are ever present in Nabadwipdham. In order to appreciate the spiritual significance of this couple, one should not fall back upon the Vedas, as Gauranga-Vishnupriya lies beyond the pale of the Vedas, the idea is Vedbidhiagochar. Sengupta writes as Vrindabandham is not comprehensible without Srikrishna, so is Nabadwipdham without Gauranga. The Gaur-Vishnupriya sampradaya sings even today: Hail to Gauranga/the son of Sachi and idol of Vishnupriya/the healer and saviour of Nadia.
Copyright IGNCAŠ 1999